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Опубликовано 2010-10-03 Опубликовано на SciPeople2010-11-07 03:02:27 ЖурналJournal of Supercritical Fluids

Synthesis of silver-polystyrene nanocomposite particles in water in supercritical carbon dioxide (sc-CO2) medium and its antimicrobial activities
I.R. Kamrupi, P. Phukon, S.K. Dolui and B.K. Konwer / Isha Kamrupi
Аннотация A novel method based on ex situ dispersion of silver nanoparticles within the monomers and subsequent emulsion polymerization using water-in-sc-CO2 medium is introduced in this paper. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction of silver nitrate using sodium borohydrate as a reducing agent and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as a stabilizer in the water-in-sc-CO2 medium. The stable dispersion of silver nanoparticles was added slowly during the polymerization of styrene in the water-in-sc-CO2 maintaining the temperature at 70oC and pressure at 20.68MPa respectively. The silver nanoparticles encapsulated within polymer particles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, XRD, TGA, SEM and TEM. The silver/polystyrene nanocomposite particles exhibited antimicrobial activity against a number of bacteria. The current work represents a simple, reproducible and universal way to prepare a variety of metal–polymer nanocomposite particles.
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