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Опубликовано 2011-07-01 Опубликовано на SciPeople2011-01-22 22:58:58 ЖурналWORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY

Biodegradability studies of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) film produced by a marine bacteria using Jatropha biodiesel byproduct as a substrate
Anupama Shrivastav, Sanjiv K. Mishra, Imran Pancha, Deepti Jain, Sourish Bhattacharya, Sheetal Patel and Sandhya Mishra / Sanjiv Mishra
Аннотация Polyhydroxyalkanoates are water-insoluble, hydrophobic polymers and can be degraded by microorganisms that produce extracellular PHA depolymerase. The present work was aimed to evaluate the degradability of Polyhydroxyalkanoate film produced by Halomonas hydrothermalis using Jatropha biodiesel byproduct as a substrate. PHB films were subjected to degradation in soil and compared with the synthetic polymer (acrylate) and blend prepared using the synthetic polymer (acrylate) and PHB. After 50 days, 60% of weight loss in PHB film and after 180 days 10% of blended film was degraded while no degradation was found in the synthetic film. Scanning electron microscopy and confocal microscopy revealed that after 50 days the PHB film and the blended film became more porous after degradation while synthetic film was not porous. The degradative process was biologically mediated which was evident by the control in which the PHB films were kept in sterile soil and the films showed inherent integrity over time. The TGA and DSC analysis shows that the melting temperatures were changed after degradation indicating physical changes in the polymer during degradation.


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