THE RUSSIAN ACADEMIC JOURNAL » Архив номеров » The Russian Academic Journal #4, том 26, 2013 » Публикация

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Страницы94 - 99 Опубликовано 2013-12-30 Опубликовано на SciPeople2014-03-04 13:54:52 ЖурналРоссийский Академический Журнал

Religion and Politics: Theology vs Ideology
Pecherskaya Nadezhda / Alexey Fedorov
Аннотация The process of world globalization and re-engineering results in a new outlook on the interaction between political and religious institutions. Ideological inconsistencies that arise in former USSR republics put added weight on the necessity for psycho-historical analysis of this phenomenon. A survey of national ideology for such terms as “spiritual integrity”, “avoiding separatist sentiments” sends us back to Russian religious philosophers. Until late their works were deemed as effective manuals for re-framing a person’s moral standards and ethical self-awareness. Ideology founded on promoted initially by religion values of liberty, equality and tradition sets up precedent for political ideology to use inherent to religion resort to the spiritual as a way of forming binding forces between different social groups. However, general tendencies of the Church/State interaction, as social institutions, have always been issues for numerous complex arguments. The time-frame as well as cultural and historical characteristics of the transition from religious paradigm into scientific theology differ in the Russian nation from the same process in the countries of Western Europe. Theology evolvement in Western-European countries demonstrates general tendencies for structuring Catholicism, first and foremost due to the uprise of independent Papal States (Church States) and, ideologically, due to rational scholasticism.Dominant traits of the interaction between political and church institutions in Russia at the turn of the 20th century reflect psycho-historical peculiarities of a theology developing in a total submission to political power and an overall dependence upon it.

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