THE RUSSIAN ACADEMIC JOURNAL » Архив номеров » #1 том 27, 2014 » Публикация

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Страницы23 - 25 Опубликовано 2014-04-19 Опубликовано на SciPeople2014-04-19 15:59:27 ЖурналРоссийский Академический Журнал

Influence of industrial enterprises on ecological and economic safety of a region.
Bezkorovayniy Aleksandr / Alexey Fedorov
Аннотация Current problems of influence of machine-building enterprises on the environment of Ukraine and the main factors and ways of providing of stable ecological and economic development of a region are considered in the article. The machinery engineering is a diversified industry that includes heavy, electrical and technical, radio and electrical, transport engineering. Own ecological peculiarities are inherent to each of the branches, among which are content and quantity of waste, toxicity of pollutions, and a regime of their emission to the atmosphere. The machinery engineering as well as other industries is accommodated in regions of development of the metallurgy, concentrated in cities, and “produces” considerable amounts of waste, which pollutes the air, water, and the soil. A particular harmful influence on the environment is typical for the majority of types of a business activity. Some engineering enterprises in the process of their functioning produce significant quantity of substances that pollute the environment. This is related with mechanical wear and obsolescence of technologies and equipment used by the enterprises. The author revealed the main ways of providing of stable ecological and economic development of both a region and a state, among which are balanced development of regions, creation of regional committees of stable development of cities, districts, and regions, change of the policy of usage of natural, labor, and other resources of our state by the developed countries, development of high-tech productions, membership of Ukraine in different international economic and political organizations, improvement of the ecological legislation of Ukraine and adoption of the Ecological code, implementation of ecological insurance, enhancement of the economic and finance mechanism of realization of the national ecological and economic policy of stable development, extension of ecological education, and realization of projects on developing natural resources involving foreign investors. Taking into consideration regional peculiarities of appearance of ecological and economic problems, there is a need to create a real economic mechanism of cooperation between nature protection institutions, industrial enterprises, ecological social movements, and regional communities that enables to provide mutual preparation and realization of projects and programs aimed at an ecological and economic direction.

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