THE RUSSIAN ACADEMIC JOURNAL » Архив номеров » #2 Vol 28, 2014 » Публикация

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Страницы30 - 33 Опубликовано 2014-06-30 Опубликовано на SciPeople2014-09-30 16:45:26 ЖурналTHE RUSSIAN ACADEMIC JOURNAL

Guler Kalay / Alexey Fedorov
Аннотация In the second half of the twenties of the last century in the Republic of Turkey is a modernization of all structures on the basis of standardization. As a matter of principle Turkish nationalism was under the influence of the French and German nationalism. R.H. Abdulatipov defines that ethno-political conflict as a clash of differences and contradictions of interests, attitudes, especially in perception, interpretation and participation in socio-economic and political processes; their reflection in the field of ethnonational relations, use differences in this area to solve political problems. In Turkey, there are many ethnic groups and among them the most numerous are the Kurds. Ethno-political Kurdish rebellion has begun in the last century and was directed against the centralized State. Other countries provoked Kurdish issue as an ethno-political conflict, so the Turkish authorities believe that the Kurdish issue is an economic and social problem that can be solved with the help of reforms. Ethno-political conflict between Kurds and Turks continued during the Cold War. And at this time, radical nationalism became friendly with state nationalism on the basis of the struggle of communism and the Soviet Union after the collapse of the two movements separated again. The main requirement was to create Kurdish autonomy. Famous Turkish historian Kemal Karpat argues that the ethnic extant problems in Turkey in consequence of Turkish nationalism in the multicultural society. Other ethnopolitical conflict in Turkey is related to religion. Speaking of ethno-political conflicts, it should be noted that their base might lie on conflicts between religious sects of Islam. In particular, one of the conflicts is to confront Sunni and Alevi. Sunni is a recognized state religion in Turkey. That is why, from the perspective of Sunni, Alevi religion does not conform to Islam.
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