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Опубликовано 2012-12-01 Опубликовано на SciPeople2014-10-16 14:24:37 ЖурналRussian Open Medical Journal

Foreign body ingestion in Iranian children: a 4 years observational study
S. Amini-Ranjbar Foreign body ingestion in Iranian children: a 4 years observational study // Russian Open Medical Journal, Vol. 1, Issue 3, 2012, pp. 307-0
Аннотация Objective – Foreign body ingestion is common in children due to playing with everything. This study was done to identify type, site, and complication, as well as knowledge about the state of foreign body ingestion in children in Kerman/Iran. Methods – In this prospective study, during 4 years, 85 children less than 14 years old presented to the Emergency Department of Afzalipour Hospital in Kerman were studied. All children, regardless of their clinical symptoms, underwent total radiography (from neck to Pelvic) within the first hour of admission. In symptomatic patients, or sharp, long objects, and narcotic substances ingestion, prompt endoscopy was performed and in the case of foreign body lodging in the subglottic area, the patient was being referred to an ear, nose and throat specialist. For asymptomatic patients or far-access foreign body; lactulose, polyethylene glycol solution and high-fiber substances (for ingestion of diskette batteries, heroine and sharp objects respectively) were administered as medical treatments. Asymptomatic subjects who had ingested sharp objects or narcotic substances were hospitalized and observed, but other cases were followed out patiently (by phone call or face to face observation). Results – Mean age of subjects was 3.7 years with no significant difference between the two sexes. Mean age was 3.7 year. The most frequent ingested foreign body was diskette battery (28.2%) followed by coin (21.2%). The majority of subjects had no symptom (67%). the most frequent endoscopic location (21.8%) was subglot. Most complications occurred after battery ingestion. Endoscopic intervention was required in 31.8% that mostly in cases with ingestion of organic substances (77.8%) and coin (61.1%). There was a significant relationship between age and the type of foreign body (p=0.033) and its location (p= 0.012). Medical treatment was completely successful in 68.2%. There was no mortality. Conclusion – Manufacturing clockwork toys instead of operated toys, minting smaller coins and applying medical treatment in the cases that foreign body is not in the access of endoscope are recommended.
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