THE RUSSIAN ACADEMIC JOURNAL » Архив номеров » #3 Vol 29, 2014 » Публикация

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Страницы8 - 13 Опубликовано 2014-09-30 Опубликовано на SciPeople2014-12-04 17:42:17 ЖурналTHE RUSSIAN ACADEMIC JOURNAL

Victor Apryshchenko / Alexey Fedorov
Аннотация The article deals with role of historical memory in the context of two referenda which have been held in 2014 — in Scotland on the 18th of September and in Catalonia on the 9th of November, although not recognised by the Spanish government. Both of them reflect the issue of how the imperial past influences current political debates about independence. In spite of the different political and cultural contexts, the two referenda have been deeply connected with history and memory and have exploited imperial settings to explain the ‘security choice’. This article argues that traumatic experience of transition between the imperial and national contexts has been the decisive factor in the process of securitization of memory. Although memory has been considered as a strategic recourse in the two regions, the way it has been utilized is different. The memory of the past was shifted from the sphere of politics to the sphere of security, and memory has been utilized as a means of securitization. Desecuritization of the national memory in the Scottish and the Catalan contexts is connected with its politicization as well as with placing it within the cultural context. British and Spanish imperial pasts have been sublimated in the form of cultural symbols and memories.
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