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Опубликовано 2015-06-17 Опубликовано на SciPeople2015-07-01 11:45:51 ЖурналThe Russian Academic Journal

Kyrgyzstan: Internal and External Course of Development
Vadim VOLOVOJ Kyrgyzstan: Internal and External Course of Development // The Russian Academic Journal, Vol. 31, Issue 1, 2015, pp. 0-0
Аннотация After collapse of the Soviet Union Central Asia (CA) was not in the focus of academic society and big geopolitical players, Kyrgyzstan
not being an exception. But today Russia is back to CA through the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) and Collective Security Treaty
Organization (CSTO). Kyrgyzstan is a member of CSTO and is going to join the EEU. Therefore it is worth of broader analysis. This
study tried to understand specifics of Kyrgyz internal and external course of development. It found that internal political process in
Kyrgyzstan used to be very problematic. The country suffered a lot from two revolutions, caused by the authoritarian “family rule”
of Askar Akaev and Kurmanbek Bakiev. After that Kyrgyzstan decided to change its system of government from presidential to parliamentary
(or semi-presidential) model. But this experiment did not bring peace and stability, additionally complicated by ethnic
tension between Kyrgyz and Uzbek citizens. Possible recipe of success – bigger socio-economic responsibility of the government,
but it is still not in place. After two people revolts Kyrgyzstan was near to become a “failed state”, but orientation towards strategic
partnership with Russia and membership in the EEU can help it to survive politically and economically at the expense of Russian
geopolitical ambitions, compensate internal political turbulence by external factor of stability. Moreover, close (also institutional)
cooperation with Moscow strengthens systemic power of Kyrgyzstan in its relations with the closest neighbors, such as Uzbekistan
(not satisfied with the water policy of Bishkek) and Afghanistan (poses real security threat of Islamic extremism and terrorism to
Kyrgyzstan). To sum up, for the moment Kyrgyz internal politics is hardly predictable, also because of the parliamentary experiment,
but definite external orientation towards Russia and the EEU creates some basis for stable long term development of the country.

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