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Опубликовано 2014-12-00 Опубликовано на SciPeople2015-07-22 20:31:30 ЖурналProcess Biochemistry

The use of Aspergillus niger cultures for biotransformation of terpenoids
Parshikov I.A., Sutherland J.B. / Игорь Паршиков
Process Biochemistry. 2014. V.49. N 12. P. 2086-2100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2014.09.005
Аннотация Aspergillus niger is a well-known fungus that has been used for many different biotransformations of organic compounds. The terpenoids include a large variety of natural hydrocarbons and their derivatives, mostly obtained from plant essential oils, but some obtained from animals or fungi. They may be acyclic or have one or more rings of various sizes, and they show a variety of biological activities that include antibacterial, antifungal, antiparasitic, antiviral, and anticancer activities. Terpenoids are classified as monoterpenoids (C10), sesquiterpenoids (C15), diterpenoids (C20), triterpenoids (C30), and others. This review summarizes experimental processes that use cultures of various A. niger strains to carry out stereoselective biochemical reactions in terpenoids, including related epoxides, lactones, N-phenylcarbamates, and saponins, to produce metabolites that may be useful as flavors and fragrances or as new experimental drug candidates. Cultures of A. niger that add hydroxyl, carbonyl, and other groups at specific positions or reduce double bonds have resulted in the production of valuable new compounds.
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