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Опубликовано 2008-01-24 Опубликовано на SciPeople2009-10-24 16:08:50

Organic blockers escape from trapping in the AMPA receptor channels by leaking into the cytoplasm
Tikhonova TB, Barygin OI, Gmiro VE, Tikhonov DB, Magazanik LG / Татьяна Тихонова
Neuropharmacology 54(4): 653-64 (2008)
Аннотация The voltage-dependent block of AMPA receptor (AMPAR) channels by a series of dicationic compounds was studied on native GluR2-lacking receptors of striatal giant interneurons isolated from rat brain slices. The dicationic derivatives of adamantane, dimethyladamantane, diphenyl, and phenylcyclohexyl were used. The voltage dependence of the blockade and of the unblocking rate constant suggests that the compounds permeate the open AMPAR channels. The permeation of adamantane derivatives was demonstrated previously. However, for derivatives of phenylcyclohexyl this finding is surprising because of the large dimensions of the phenylcyclohexyl moiety. All these compounds were found to get trapped in the closed state of the channel. However, time-dependent decrease of trapping was found. This effect is accelerated by hyperpolarization, suggesting that blockers can escape from trapping into the cytoplasm channel. Importantly, there is a correlation between permeation through the open channel and escape from the closed channel. Dicationic compounds were demonstrated to block open and closed AMPAR channels from inside of the cell Thus, trapping of AMPAR channel blockers after agonist removal does not prevent escape of blockers into the cytoplasm It is concluded that closure of the AMPAR channel gates at the extracellular vestibule is not coupled with plugging of the pathway between the selectivity filter and cytoplasm. Possible physiological importance of this blocking mechanism is discussed.
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