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Опубликовано 2005-07-00 Опубликовано на SciPeople2010-01-05 16:45:19 ЖурналHydrobiologia

Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders
Ostroumov S. A. Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders. - Hydrobiologia 2005 (July), Volume 542, Number 1, p. 275-286
Аннотация Ostroumov S.A. Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders. - Hydrobiologia, 2005, 542: 275-286. DOI 10.1007/s10750-004-1875-1; www.springerlink.com/index/U21P83P0423J8714.pdf; http://scipeople.com/uploads/materials/4389/5Hydr542p275water.filt.doc ABSTRACT: On the basis of the previous publications, our new data and the existing scientific literature, we have formulated some fundamental principles that characterize the pivotal roles of the biodiversity of filter-feeders in ecosystems. Among those roles are: (1) the role of ecological repair of water quality, (2) the role of contributing to reliability and stability of the functioning of the ecosystem, (3) the role of contributing to creation of habitat heterogeneity, (4) the role of contributing to acceleration of migration of chemical elements. It is an important feature of the biomachinery of filter-feeders that it removes from water various particles of a very broad range of sizes. Another important principle is that the amount of the organic matter filtered out of water is larger than the amount assimilated so that a significant part of the removed material serves no useful function to the organism of the filter-feeder, but serves a beneficial function to some other species and to the ecosystem as a whole. The new experiments by the author additionally demonstrated a vulnerability of the filtration activity of filter feeders (e.g. bivalves and rotifers) to some xenobiotics (tetradecyltrymethylammonium bromide, heavy metals and some others). The inhibition of the filtration activity of filter-feeders may lead to the situation previously described as that of an ecological bomb of the second type. Author formulated a list of some key functions that filter-feeders perform and in this way provide services to ecosystem. Inter alia, filter-feeders: (a) participate in the large-scale repair of water quality; (b) contribute to the reliability of the mechanism and stability of ecosystem; (c) may potentially contribute to creating habitat heterogeneity; (d) remove seston and excrete pellets, by doing so they are involved in 'ecological taxation': filter-feeders pay some ecological tax to the ecosystem; (e) contribute to acceleration (biocatalysis) of migration of elements; (f) contribute to the regulation of the metabolism of ecosystem. The paper was cited by scientists working in Canada, Australia, Russia and other countries. The main conclusions were confirmed by the other publications of the same author, see the book ‘Biological Effects of Surfactants’ (CRC Press. Taylor & Francis. Boca Raton, London, New York. 2006. 279 p. ISBN 0-8493-2526-9) and sites: http://sites.google.com/site/9enecologica16p25theory/; http://sites.google.com/site/3surfactantsfiltrationmytilus/; http://scipeople.ru/uploads/materials/4389/_Hydrobiologia2006%20vol%20556%20No.1%20pages381-386.pdf; https://www.researchgate.net/file.FileLoader.html?key=60f338228d6f3c5114d223ab81e15d3b; https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/348_Useful_theory_of_natural_mechanisms_of_improving_water_quality; References Achituv, Y. & M.L.Pedrotti, 1999. Costs and gains of porcelain crab suspension feeding in different flow conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 184: 161-169. Alimov, A. F., 1981. Functional Ecology of Freshwater Bivalves (Funktzionalnaja Ekologija Presnovodnykh Dvustvorchatykh Molluskov). Nauka press, Leningrad. 248 pp. Asmus, R.M. & H. Asmus, 1991. Mussel beds: limiting or promoting phytoplankton? Journal Experimental Marine Biology Ecology. 148: 215-232 Bacher, C., 1989. Capacité trophique du bassin de Marennes-Oléron: couplage d'un modele de transport particulaire et d'un modele de croissance de l'huitre Crassosrea gigas. Aquatic Living Resources. 48:199-214. Ball, B., R.Raine & D.Douglas, 1997. Phytoplankton and particulate matter in Carlingford Lough, Ireland: an assessment of food availability and the impact of bivalve culture. Estuaries. 20: 430-440. Bern, L., 1987. Zooplankton grazing on [methyl-3H]thymidine-labelled natural particle assemblages: determination of filtering rates and food selectivity. Freshwater Biology. 17: 151-159. Cloern, J., 1982. Does the benthos control phytoplankton biomass in South San francisco Bay? Marine Ecology Progress Series. 9: 191-202. Dame, R., D. Bushek & T. Prins, 2001. Benthic suspension feeders as determinants of ecosystem structure and function in shallow coastal waters . Ecological Studies. 151: 11-37. Dame, R., N. Dankers, T. Prins, H. Jongsma & A. Smaal, 1991. 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Clearance rate determination for the freshwater sponge Spongilla lacustris: effects of temperature, particle type and concentration, and sponge size. Archiv für Hydrobiologie. 90: 330-356. Gutelmaher, B. L., 1986. Metabolism of Plankton as the Whole (Metabolizm Planktona Kak Edinogo Tzelogo). Nauka, Leningrad. 156 pp. Hily, C., 1991. Is the activity of benthic suspension feeders a factor controlling water quality in the Bay of Brest? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 69: 179-188. Jaramillo E., Bertran C., Bravo A. 1992. Mussel biodeposition in an estuary in southern Chile. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 82: 85-94. Kartasheva, N. V. & S. A. Ostroumov, 1998. Tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (tetradetziltrimetilammonij bromid). Toxicological Bulletin (Toksikologicheskii Vestnik). 5: 30-32. Kautsky N., Evans S. 1987. Role of biodeposition by Mytilus edulis in the circulation of matter and nutrients in a Baltic coastal ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 38: 201-212. Krylova, E.M., 1997. Abyssal bivalves of the superfamily Cuspidarioidea (Septibranchia) from the Far-Eastern seas and the North-Western Pacific. In: Kuznetzov, A. P. & O. N. Zezina (eds) Composition and distribution of bottom invertebrate animals in the seas of Russia and adjacent waters. Institute of Oceanology, Moscow: 80-84 Kryger, J., & H.U. Riisgård, 1988. Filtration rate capacities in 6 species of European freshwater bivalves. Oecologia. 77: 34-38. Kryuchkova, N.M. & V.H. Rybak, 1989. Patterns of feeding of Moina rectirostris Leydig on phytoplankton of a hypertrophic water body (osobennosti pitaniya Moina rectirostris Leydig fitoplanktonom gipertrofnogo vodoema. Hydrobiological Journal (Gidrobiologicheskiy Zhurnal) 25 (3): 28-31. Migne, A. & D. Davoult, 2002. Experimental nutrition in the soft coral Alcyonium digitatum (Cnidaria: Octocorallia): removal rate of phytoplankton and zooplankton. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 43 (1): 9-16. Mitin, A., 1984. Effect of some environmental factors on the water-clearing activity of bivalves. Summary of Ph.D. Thesis, Moscow. 22 pp. Monakov, A. V., 1998. Feeding of Freshwater Invertebrates (Pitanie Presnovodnykh Bespozonochnykh). Institute of Ecological and Evolutionary Problems, Moscow. 320 pp. Newell, R., 1988. Ecological changes in Chesapeake Bay: are they the result of overharvesting the American oyster, Crassostrea virginica? Understanding the estuary: Advances in Chesapeake Bay Research. Proceedings of a Conference. 29-31 March 1988. Baltimore, Maryland.- Chesapeake Research Consortium Publication 129: 536-546. Ogilvie, S. & S. Mitchell, 1995. A model of mussel filtration in a shallow New Zealand lake, with reference to eutrophication control. Archiv für Hydrobiologie. 133(4): 471-482. Ostroumov, S. A., 1998. Biological filtering and ecological machinery for self-purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems: towards a holistic view. Rivista di Biologia/ Biology Forum. 91: 247-258. Ostroumov, S.A., 1999. Integrity-oriented approach to ecological biomachinery for self-purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems: stopping an ecological time bomb. Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico. ASLO, Waco, TX. Page 134. Ostroumov, S. A., 2000a. Criteria of ecological hazards due to anthropogenic effects on the biota: searching for a system (Kriterii ekologhicheskoj opastnosti antropoghennykh vozdejstvij na biotu: poiski sistemy). Doklady Biological Sciences 371: 204-206 (the Russian edition: Doklady Akademii Nauk 371: 844-846). Ostroumov, S. A., 2000b. The concept of aquatic biota as a labile and vulnerable component of the water self-purification system (Kontzeptzija vodnoi bioty kak labil'nogo i ujazvimogo zvena sistemy samoochishchenija vody). Doklady Biological Sciences 372: 286-289 (the Russian edition: Doklady Akademii Nauk 372: 279-282). Ostroumov, S. A., 2000c. Aquatic ecosystem: a large-scale diversified bioreactor with a water self-purification function (Vodnaja ekosistema: krupnorazmernyj diversifitzirovannyj bioreaktor s funktzijej samoochishchenija vody). Doklady Biological Sciences 374: 514-516 (the Russian edition: Doklady Akademii Nauk 374: 427-429). Ostroumov, S.A., 2001a . Responses of Unio tumidus to a mixture of chemicals and the hazard of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects (Reagirovanie Unio tumidus pri vozdeistvii smesevogo himicheskogo preparata i opasnost sinekologicheskogo summirovaniya antropogennyh vozdeistviy). Doklady Akademii Nauk. 380: 714-717. [Transl. into English and published: Responses of Unio tumidus to mixed chemical preparations and the hazard of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects. Dokl Biol Sci (Doklady Biological Sciences). 2001, 380: 492-495]. Ostroumov, S.A., 2001b. Synecological foundation for the solution of the problem of eutrophication (Sinekologicheskie osnovy resheniya problemy evtrofirovaniya). Doklady Akademii Nauk. 381:709-712. [Transl. into English and published: The synecological approach to the problem of eutrophication. Dokl Biol Sci (Doklady Biological Sciences). 2001 381: 559-562]. Ostroumov S.A. 2001c. Amphiphilic chemical inhibits the ability of molluscs to filter water and to remove the cells of phytoplankton. Izvestia RAN. Seriya Biology (Bulletin of Russian Academy of Sciences, Biology Series). No.1: 108-116. Ostroumov, S.A., 2002a. Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. Hydrobiologia. 469: 117-129. Ostroumov, S.A., 2002b. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. Hydrobiologia. 469 (1-3): 203-204. Ostroumov, S.A., 2002c. Biodiversity and water quality: the role of feed-backs (Sokhranenie bioraznoobrziya i kachestvo vody: rol obrantykh svyazej v ekosistemakh) Doklady Akademii Nauk. 382: 138-141. [Translated into English and published: Biodiversity protection and quality of water: the role of feedbacks in ecosystems. Dokl Biol Sci (Doklady Biological Sciences). 2002 382: 18-21]. Ostroumov, S.A., 2003a. Studying effects of some surfactants and detergents on filter-feeding bivalves. Hydrobiology. 500: 341-344. Ostroumov, S.A., 2003b. Anthropogenic effects on the biota: towards a new system of principles and criteria for analysis of ecological hazards. Rivista di Bilogia / Biology Forum. 96: 159-169. Ostroumov, S.A., P. Donkin & F. Staff, 1997. Inhibition by the anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulphate, of the ability of mussels Mytilus edulis to filter and purify the sea water (Anionnoje poverkhnostno-aktivnoje veshchestvo inghibirujet sposobnost' midij filtrovat' i ochishchat' morskuju vodu). Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seria 16. Biologija. (Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 16. Biology) 3: 30-36. Ostroumov, S. A., P. Donkin & F. Staff, 1998. Filtration inhibition induced by two classes of synthetic surfactants in the bivalve mollusc (Narushenije filtracii dvustvorchatymi molluskami pod vozdejstvijem poverkhnostno-aktivnykh veshchestv dvukh klassov). Doklady Akademii Nauk 362: 574-576. Ostroumov, S.A., N. Walz & J. Widdows, 2001. Measuring activity of filter-feeders: linking organismal and superorganismal levels of hydrobiology and biological oceanography. Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 5: 26-27. Ostroumov, S. A. , S. Dodson, D. Hamilton, S. Peterson & R. G. Wetzel, 2003a. Medium-term and long-term priorities in ecological studies. Rivista di Biologia/ Biology Forum. 96: 327-332. Ostroumov, S.A., N.Walz & R. Rusche, 2003 b. Effects of a cationic amphiphilic chemical on rotifers. Doklady Akademii Nauk. 390 (3): 423-426. [Transl. into English and published: Dokl Biol Sci. (Doklady Biological Sciences) 2003, 390: 252-255]. Petersen, J. & H.U.Riisgård, 1992. Filtration capacity of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis and its grazing impact in a shallow fjord. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 88: 9-17. Pilson, M., 1985. On the residence time of water in Narragansett Bay. Estuaries. 8: 2-14. Rose, R., M. Warne & L. Lim, 2003. Exposure to chemicals exuded by fish reduces the filtration and ingestion rates of Ceriodaphnia cf. dubia. Hydrobiologia. 501: 215-217. Smaal, A.C., J.Verhagen, J.Coosen & H. Haas, 1986. Interactions between seston quantity and quality and benthic feeders in the Oosterschelde, The Netherlands. Ophelia. 26: 385-399. Sorokin, Yu.A., P.Yu.Sorokin, T.I. Mamaeva & O.V. Sorokina, 1997. The Sea of Okhotsk bacterioplankton and planktonic ciliates. In Sapozhnikov, V.V. (Ed.) Complex studies of ecosystem of the Sea of Okhotsk. VNIRO Press, Moscow: 210-216. Shulman, G.E. & G.A. Finenko, 1990. Bioenergetics of Aquatic Organisms. Naukova Dumka Press, Kiev. 246 pp. Shuntov, V.P., 2001. Biology of Far-Eastern seas of Russia. Vol.1. TINRO-Centre, Vladivostok. 580 pp. Starkweather, P. & K.Bogdan,1980. Detrital feeding in natural zooplankton communities: discrimination between live and dead algal foods. Hydrobiologia. 73: 83-85. Stuijfzand, S. C., M. H. S. Kraak, Y. A. Wink & C. Davids, 1995. Short-term effects of nickel on the filtration rate of the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 54: 376-381. Sushchenya, L. M., 1975. Quantitative Trends in the Feeding of Crustaceans. Nauka i Tekhnika press, Minsk. 208 pp. Tsuchiya, M., 1980. Biodeposit production by the mussel Mytilus edulis L. on rocky shores. Journal Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 47: 203-222. Vinogradov, M. E. & E.A. Shushkina, 1987. Functioning of plankton communities of the epipelagial of the ocean. Nauka Press, Moscow. 240 pp. Widdows, J. & D. Page, 1993. Effects of tributyltin and dibutyltin on the physiological energetics of the mussel, Mytilus edulis. Marine Environmental Research. 35: 233-249. Widdows, J., M.Brinsley, P.Salkeld & M.Elliott, 1998. Use of annular flumes to determine the influence of current vedlocity and bivalves on material flux at the sediment-water interface. Estuaries. 21 (4A): 552-559. Witte, U., T.Brattegard, G.Graf & B.Springer, 1997. Particle capture and depostion by deep-sea sponges from the Norwegian-Greenland Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 154: 241-252. Yablokov, A. V. & S. A. Ostroumov, 1991. Conservation of Living Nature and Resources: Problems, Trends, Prospect. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York. 271 pp. Zankai, N. , 1979. Jahreszeitliche Änderung der Filtrierrate der Copepoden Eudiaptomus gracilis (G.O.Sars) im Balaton-See. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie. 20: 2551-2555. Zezina, O.N. , 1997. Brachiopods in a natural bottom biofilter at the shelves and slopes in the Far-Eastern Seas of Russia. In: Kuznetzov, A.P. & O.N.Zezina (eds) Composition and distribution of bottom invertebrate animals in the seas of Russia and adjacent waters. Institute of Oceanology, Moscow: 52-60. TABLES: Table 1. Examples of the impact of fiter-feeders on the water column: clearance time. Table 2 . Some examples of diversity of taxons of benthic organisms involved in removing seston from water. Table 3. Effect of the increase in concentration of algae (Chlorella vulgaris) on the filtration rate and the amount consumed (C, % ) by rotifers Brachionus calyciflorus. Table 4. The ratio F: P in some groups of organisms. The ecosystem of the Sea of Okhotsk. Table 5. The ratio F : (P+R) in some filter feeders (calculated by the author per 1 unit of energy spent on the sum of productivity and respiration). Table 6. Results of the ecological tax. Biosediments formation. Table 7. Contribution of various aquatic organisms to oxidation of organic matter in the ecosystem of central part of the Sea of Okhotsk (the period of time: the summer minimum of phytoplankton, the end of July - beginning of August). Table 8. Some chemicals that have an adverse effect on the filtering activity of the filter-feeders. As a result, the amount of suspended matter removed from the water by the filter feeders decreased. Therefore the amount of suspended matter left in the water was more than that in control. Abbreviations: LD1 (E) liquid detergent E; LD2 (F) liquid detergent Fairy; SD1 (L) synthetic detergent Lanza; SD2 (I) synthetic detergent IXI; SD3 (D )synthetic detergent Deni; SD4 (OMO) synthetic detergent OMO. Table 9. Some features of water-filtering biomachinery. Table 10. The level–block approach to the analysis of ecological hazards of anthropogenic effects on the biota. KEY WORDS: filter-feeders, suspension feeders, water quality, water purification, bivalves, pollution, filtering activity, filtration rate, liquid detergent; synthetic detergent, sodium dodecyl sulphate SDS; tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide TDTMA, Triton-X100, biomachinery, xenobiotics, pellets, ecological taxation, particles, migration of elements, regulation, ecological hazards, anthropogenic impact, plankton–benthos connections (coupling), trophic, grazing, stability, biosphere, sedimentation, faeces, productivity, respiration, biomass, pseudofaeces, suspended matter, community, microzooplankton, zooplankton (non-predatory), zooplankton (predatory), zoobenthos, fish, mammals, birds, the level–block approach, Crassostrea gigas, Mytilus edulis, M.galloprovincialis, Unio tumidus, sponge, Thenea abyssorum, M. chilensis, Polichaeta, Sabellidae; Sabella spallanzanii, Serpulidae, Spongia, Porifera, Spongilla lacustris, Ascidia, Ascidiella aspersa, Bryozoa, Plumatella fungosa, Cirripedia, Balanus crenatus, Mollusca, Ostrea edulis, Decapoda, Porcellana longicornis, Echinodermata, Ophiuroidea, Ophiothrix fragilis; Corals, Alcyonium digitatum, Brachiopoda, Laqueus californianus, Diestothyris frontalis, Mytilus galloprovincialis, natural seston, Appendicularia, Doliolidae, Calanoida, Spongilla lacustris (sponge), Hyridella menziesi, Crassostrea virginica, Potamocorbula amurensis, Mercenaria mercenaria, Cerastoderma edule, Ciona intestinalis (ascidian), Lake Tuakitoto (New Zealand), North Inlet (South Carolina, USA), South San Francisco Bay, Narragansett Bay, Oosterschelde, Chesapeake Bay, Marina da Gama, Kertinge Nor, Denmark, Bay of Brest, France, AFDW - ash-free dry weight; LD - liquid detergent; SD - synthetic detergent (laundry detergent in the form of powder); ecosystem services, sustainability, man-made, freshwater, marine ecosystems, aquatic organisms, biota, habitat, surfactants, rotifers, role of organisms in the biosphere, functioning of ecosystems, benthos, ecology, limnology, oceanography, biosphere, hydrosphere, ecotoxicology, environmental toxicology


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Comment of the member of Academy of Sciences Acad. L.M.S. / Комментарий о работах этого цикла ---------- Остроумов (ostroumov) Сергей (sergei)
О цикле статей С. А. Остроумова «Водные экосистемы и организмы в условиях антропогенного воздействия» (Доклады РАН, 2000, т.371, №6, c. 844-846; ДАН, 2000, т. 372, № 2, c. 279-282; ДАН, 2001, т. 378, № 2, с. 283-285; Известия РАН. Серия биологическая, 2001. № 1. с. 108-116), …

В данном цикле работ С. А. Остроумов излагает свои новые экспериментальные результаты по изучению гидробионтов. Им получены новые сведения о фильтраторах. Их фильтрационная активность важна для водных экосистем. Автором выявлены новые эффекты, производимые загрязняющими веществами (поверхностно-активными веществами) при воздействии на гидробионты. Исследованы и проанализированы важные процессы, ведущие к самоочищению воды в водных экосистемах. …

Академик Л.М.Сущеня
Почетный президент Российского Гидробиологического Общества,
вице-президент Международной ассоциации академий наук (МААН),
член Международной ассоциации теоретической и прикладной лимнологии; Иностранный член Польской академии наук (с 1994);
Директор Института зоологии АН БССР (Минск, с 1980; Почетный директор с 1995); Председатель Национального комитета по программе ЮНЕСКО «Человек и биосфера» (МАБ); Лауреат Почетной медали им. Г.Г. Винберга за выдающиеся достижения в области теоретической гидробиологии; Лауреат почетного звания «Водный эколог года»
— — — — — — Translation into English:
On the series of articles S.A. Ostroumov on aquatic ecosystems and organisms under the conditions of anthropogenic impact (Doklady, 2000, v.371, No. 6, p. 844-846; DAN, 2000, v. 372, No. 2, p. 279-282, DAN, 2001, v. 378, No. 2, p. 283-285; Izvestiya. Series of Biology, 2001. No. 1, p. 108-116);

In this series of works the author presents his new experimental results on the study of aquatic organisms. He obtained new information about filter-feeders. Their filtering activity is important to aquatic ecosystems. The author revealed some new effects produced by pollutants (surfactants) as a result of their impact on aquatic organisms. Some important processes leading to water purification in aquatic ecosystems were studied and analyzed.

Academician L.M. Sushchenya

Honorary President of the Russian Hydrobiological Society,
Vice-President of the International Association of Academies of Sciences (IAAS),
Member of International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology,
Foreign Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences (since 1994);
Director of the Institute of Zoology, Belorussian Academy of Sciences (Minsk, 1980, Honorary Director since 1995), Chairman of the National Committee of the UNESCO Program Man and Biosphere (MAB), Laureate of the G.G. Winberg Medal for outstanding achievements in theoretical hydrobiology; awarded the honorary title Aquatic Ecology of the Year
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Ключевые слова на русском языке: фильтраторы, самоочищение воды, двустворчатые моллюски, поллютанты, качество воды, ксенобиотики, экосистемные услуги, антропогенное воздействие, пресноводный, морские экосистемы, водные организмы
2016-04-12 16:06:10 · Ответить · Ссылка