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Опубликовано 2010-02-06 Опубликовано на SciPeople2010-02-06 20:12:47 ЖурналBuletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Moldovei. Stiintele Vietii (Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Life Sciences)

[About the publications and works of S. A. Ostroumov]
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Moldovei. Stiintele Vietii (Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Life Sciences = Известия Академии наук Молдовы. Науки о жизни). 2009. No.1 (307). P.180-184.
Аннотация Published in: Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Moldovei. Stiintele Vietii (Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Life Sciences = Известия Академии наук Молдовы. Науки о жизни). 2009. No.1 (307). P.180-184. Bibliogr. 25 refs. ISSN 1857-064X. About the publications and works of S. A. Ostroumov Fragments of the text that was published: Sergey A. Ostroumov … is the author of a scientific discovery (Certificate and Diploma No. 274). He discovered new bioeffects of surfactants and detergents and experimentally proved their ecological role as hazardous factors to water self-purification, discovered the component of the ecological mechanism of water self-purification that is most vulnerable to water pollution, proposed new fundamental concepts and terms of ecological chemoregulators, ecological chemoeffectors, chemical ecoregulators, the polyfunctional role of biota in water self-purification (Hydrobiologia, 2002, 469: 203-204), the level-block system of principles for the analysis of ecological hazards from man-made impact on the biota, synecological synergism of man-made impact (Doklady Akademii Nauk, 2001, 380: 714-717; DAN, 2001, 380: 847-849; DAN is the abbreviation for the title of the authoritative scientific edition, Reports to the Russian Academy of Sciences), inhibitory analysis in ecology (DAN, 2000, 375: 847), ecological repair and remediation, ecological clusters, proposed new parameters that characterize the role of organisms in ecosystem. S.A.Ostroumov proposed new modern conceptualization of ecosystem (DAN, 2002, 383: 571), and of the boundaries of ecosystems (Vestnik [=Bulletin] of Moscow University. Ser. Biol. 2003, 3: 43). He introduced new fundamental concepts of the principle of ecological uncertainty (Ecol. Stud. 2004, 7: 138), new typology of migrations of elements and integrated abiotic-biotic regulation of biogeochemical processes (Vestnik of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences 2002, 2 (No.3): 50), formulated the functions of the biota as a factor for stabilization of the environment and climatic system of the Earth (Vestnik of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences 2003, 3 (No.2): 59), discovered new types of hazards from chemical pollution. He formulated the theory of biotic self-purification of water and upgrading water quality (DAN 2004, 396: 136-141). In his books 'Introduction to Biochemical Ecology' and 'Introduction to Issues of Biochemical Ecology' he laid the groundwork and formulated basic principles for the new science of biochemical ecology at the interface between ecology and biochemistry. S.A.Ostroumov developed new methods for measuring the sublethal effects of xenobiotics, and quantitatively measuring their effects on the efficiency of removing suspended matter from water by filter-feeders; proposed the concepts of synecological cooperativity and ecological taxation in biological communities, a new approach to monetary assessment of the ecological services of aquatic ecosystems; applied the Liebig's law to human nutrition, which led to new links among biochemical ecology and human nutrition science and to new application of ecological science for strengthening human health; extended the scientific approaches of E. Schrödinger and I. Prigogine by applying them to aquatic ecosystems (Ecol. Stud. 2004, 7: 122-126; Sibirsky Ecological Journal. 2006. No. 3. P. 339-343), proposed a new method of recurrent additions to study phytoremediation. S.A.Ostroumov authored and co-authored over 300 publications including over15 books. He was an invited lecturer and visiting scientist in the USA, Germany, UK, Netherlands, and other countries. He developed several new lecture courses, published educational textbooks on general ecology, biochemical ecology, nature conservation and protection of biodiversity, water self-purification. He also published new programs and curricula on ecological mechanism of water self-purification, quantitative hydrobiology (aquatic ecology), environmental policy, ecology and ecophysiology of plants, and biochemical ecology. After additional training at Central European University (2002) he developed a new course curriculum on environmental policy and sustainable development (published). After getting additional training and experience under the IREX program 'Contemporary Issues' at the University of Georgia (GA, USA) and National Science Foundation (Washington, D.C.) he developed a new lecture course on ecological bioengineering. S.A.Ostroumov is a Member of Scientific Council of the Ichthyologic Commission of Russian Federation. He is the Chairperson of the Moscow Branch of Eco-Ethics International Union. He is or was a member, the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology (SIL, 2004), American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO, 1999, 2005), American Association for the Advancement of Science (1996). Member, the International Academy of Authors of Scientific Discoveries and Inventions. Member, Academy of Aquatic Sciences, and International Academy of Ecology and Life Protection Sciences (IAELPS, since 2007). Chairperson of the organizing committee for series of scientific conferences and sessions. In 1999 – 2008, organized 12 conferences and sessions in the USA, Denmark, and Russia. Current or past member of the editorial boards of a number of scientific publications (Russia, USA, Ukraine, India, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Kazakhstan). Editor-in-Chief of the series 'Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions' and 'Science. Education. Innovations'. Member of the editorial or advisory boards of … [titles of several journals]. He is involved in the committees for selecting nominees for the honorary awards in ecology and environment, including the honorary title 'Aquatic Ecologist of the Year'. He got some awards and certificates of merit: Scientific Discovery Diploma No. 274 "The ability of synthetic surfactants to inhibit the filtration activity of bivalves" [priority of the discovery August 9, 2000, according to the date of publishing the book: S.A. Ostroumov "Biological Effects of Surfactants in Connection with the Anthropogenic Impact on the Biosphere" (2000)]; The Kapitza Medal for scientific discovery; The Medal of the 250th Anniversary of Moscow State University; Diploma of the National Ecological Award 2004 (for contribution to ecological security and sustainable development of Russia); Award of the Center of Anticorruption Studies and Initiatives of Transparency International (Russian Branch), Diploma of the First Degree for the books entitled "Biological Effects of Surfactants in Connection with the Anthropogenic Impact on the Biosphere" and "Biological Effects of Surfactants on Organisms", the books were displayed at the exhibition of new books at the conference on Aquatic Ecosystems and Organisms (2004); Diploma awarded by the editorial board of the journal "Ecology and Life", Diploma from the Academy of Water Sciences for the series of publications on the theory of water self-purification (2006); Certificate of Registration of Author's Rights No. 4791 for conceptual formulation of the foundations of the new scientific discipline 'biochemical ecology', new concepts of 'ecological chemomediators', 'ecological chemoregulators', 'chemical ecoregulators'. His biographical profile was included in: Who's Who in the World, 24th Edition, 2007 (Publisher: Marquis Who's Who, New Providence NJ 07974, USA); encyclopedia of successful persons «Who is Who in Russia» published by the Swiss publishers as part of the series «Hubners Who is Who». Some publications about S.A.Ostroumov and his works: Innovative approaches to remediation and restoration of polluted aquatic systems. – Water: Technology and Ecology. 2007. No. 4. p. 69-73. Establishing the fundamental principles for the theory of the apparatus of the biosphere. – Problems of Biogeochemistry and Geochemical Ecology. 2007, No. 2 (4), p. 1-4. Bibliogr. 35 refs. (in English). New concept in the development of the theory of water self-purification: ecological repair. – Problems of Biogeochemistry and Geochemical Ecology. 2007, No. 2 (4), p.45-46. New advances in remediation and restoration of polluted aquatic systems. – Problems of Biogeochemistry and Geochemical Ecology. 2007, No. 2 (4), 98-100. Searching phytotechnologies to treat water (Letter to the Editor) - Problems of Biogeochemistry and Geochemical Ecology, 2008, No.3 (7), p.155-156. Toderash I. On the S.A.Ostroumov's professional creative activity. – Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Moldovei. Stiintele Vientii (Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Life Sciences; Известия Академии Наук Молдовы, серия "Науки о жизни"), 2007, No. 1 (301), p.186-190. Some publications by S.A.Ostroumov (selected): Books: Ostroumov S.A. Introduction to Bio-Chemical Ecology. 1986. Moscow. Moscow University Press. 176 p. Telitchenko M.M., Ostroumov S.A. Introduction to Problems of Bio-chemical Ecology: Biotechnology, Agriculture, Environment. 1990. Nauka Press, Moscow. 288 p. Conservation Biology: An Evolutionary-Ecological Perspective (Ed. M. Soule, B. Wilcox) 1980, 395 pages (Translated from English into Russian by S.A.Ostroumov). Russian edition: 1983, 430 pages. Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Nature Conservation: Problems and Prospects. M., Lesprom press, 1983. 272 p. Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Conservation of Living Nature and Resources: Problems, Trends, Prospects. 1991. Springer Verlag. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London, Paris, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Barcelona, Budapest. 271 p. (in English). Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Levels of Living Nature Conservation. 1985. Nauka Press. 176 p. Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Conservacion de la Naturaleza Viva (in Spanish). 1989. Vneshtorgizdat Press. 238 p. Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Opaznavate na Zhivata Priroda (Conservation of living nature). Zemizdat press. Sofia. 1989. (in Bulgarian). Ostroumov S.A. Uvod v Biokhimichna Ekologia (Introduction to biochemical ecology). Nauka i izkusstvo press. Sofia. 1990. 155 p. (in Bulgarian). Jablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Ochrana Zive Prirody. Praha. Academia. 1991. 345 p. (in Czech; the book was recommended as a textbook for universities). Ostroumov, S.A., 2000. Biological effects of surfactants in connection with the anthropogenic impact on the biosphere. MAX Press, Moscow. 116 p. Ostroumov, S.A., 2001. Biological effects of surfactants on organisms. MAX Press, Moscow. 334 p. Ostroumov, S.A., Biological Effects of Surfactants. CRC Press. Taylor & Francis. Boca Raton, London, New York. 2006. 279 p.(in English). Ostroumov S.A. Aquatic organisms in water self-purification and biogenic migration of elements. Moscow. MAX Press. 2008. 200 p. (see a Review: Ecologica, 2009. V.16. No. 53 (March). P.8). Some papers by S.A.Ostroumov: Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification // Hydrobiologia. 2002. vol. 469. P.117-129. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks // Hydrobiologia. 2002. v. 469 (1-3): P.203-204. Studying effects of some surfactants and detergents on filter-feeding bivalves // Hydrobiologia. 2003. Vol. 500. P. 341-344. Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders // Hydrobiologia, 2005. Vol. 542, No. 1. P. 275 – 286/ Inhibition of mussel suspension feeding by surfactants of three classes. // Hydrobiologia. 2006. Vol. 556, No. 1. Pages: 381 – 386. (co-authored: Ostroumov S.A., Widdows J.).


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Ключевые слова на русском языке: контроль над загрязнением водных объектов, многофункциональная роль биоты в самоочищении воды, ингибиторный анализ в экологии, новая современная концепция экосистемы, С.А. Остроумов
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