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Опубликовано 2010-04-28 Опубликовано на SciPeople2011-01-21 04:45:19

Studies on synthesis and characterization of Gd doped ceria as solid electrolyte”
Muralidhar Girish Chourashiya / Muralidhar Chourashiya
Аннотация In the proposed research, it was decided to synthesize the GDC and to demonstrate its use in IT-SOFCs. Initially, it was planned to synthesize the bulk GDC and study its different properties. For this, solid state reaction method was preferred due to its cost effective nature and ease of preparation procedure. The commercially available initial precursor materials were used to synthesize the GDC bulk. The process parameters of solid state reaction method were varied along with doping percentage of gadolinia in ceria to demonstrate its effect on structural, morphological and electrical properties of the prepared samples. This study was expected to provide intimate knowledge of processing parameters of solid state reaction method and its effect on the final product. It was also decided to vary Gd content in ceria to recognize the optimum level of doping for better solid-electrolyte properties. Attempts were made to synthesize samples with best results in electrical performance with an intention to use it in IT-SOFCs. Thin films of GDC for optimum concentration of Gd in ceria were prepared using Spray Pyrolysis Technique (SPT) due to its simplicity, cost effective nature and ease of preparation procedure. In this part of research, it was planned, initially, to prepare GDC films onto glass substrate to understand the film growth mechanism. A systematic variation in different preparative parameters of SPT was considered to prepare the electrolyte-quality films. Further these films were characterized at each step of optimization procedure by XRD, SEM, EDAX, AFM, and were analyzed for better understanding of SPT. Moreover, to demonstrate the solid-electrolyte-grade qualities of GDC films, it was also planned to study its interfacial properties with one of the SOFC electrodes. For this purpose, initially, ceramic anode material (NiO-GDC) as ceramic substrates (flat and thin) was prepared using solid state reaction method. These ceramic substrates were characterized and analyzed for the desired composition, porosity, flatness and thinness. Further, the good-quality GDC films were prepared on to ceramic substrates by the SPT to form electrolyte\electrode structure. The characterization of formed structure (electrode/electrolyte) was carried out during each step of optimization of SPT; using various techniques, such as, XRD, SEM, EDAX, AFM, impedance spectroscopy, etc. These characterizations helped us to narrow down the range of preparative parameters of SPT and post heat treatments. These optimizations were resulted in GDC films with desired properties and a good quality interface with the anode substrate. The formed interface was characterized using impedance spectroscopy. Finally, the samples were characterized for open circuit voltage (OCV) measurements to test its performance in typical fuel cell conditions.


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